Telemedicine in remote environments

“DAN AVATAR Project” was born to guarantee an innovative way to deal with underwater medical assistance even in remote areas by providing the medical staff of DAN Europe’s operations center with access to dive data and physiological data of subjects requiring medical assistance IN REAL TIME even in remote areas. Soon the project was extended to other activities carried out in remote environments such as trekking in high mountains or other conditions of isolation (such as emergencies from toxic or infectious agents) that require in-depth monitoring of cardiac and respiratory functions of the subjects.

DAN AVATAR is based on three pillars to ensure monitoring and ‘assistance in remote areas, the first pillar consists of the tools that, in the periphery, are able to acquire the physiological and environmental information necessary to ensure the service. The main elements are wearable tools (sensorized T-shirts) integrated with some devices able to record data of the environment in which the subject is (for example the Dive Sense to collect data during the dive). The first pillar also consists of an APP for smartphones that allows the collection, visualization and transmission of the collected data, the APP is also integrated with functions supported by virtual and augmented reality systems that allow to establish an advanced contact with the medical team in case of need.

The second pillar is constituted by an automatic data collection central unit able to manage the simultaneous arrival of large amounts of data (including their storage), and perform an initial analysis process to identify potentially dangerous situations.

Finally, the third pillar is represented by the intelligent emergency control centre that integrates the information received from pillar 2 with a 24/7 medical team and is able to guarantee advanced remote medical support and the eventual evacuation of the patient.